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Washington Post に IAHHE Afterschool Program の記事が掲載
本日付けのワシントンポストにて掲載された記事↓

Spinning Hip-Hop as A Class Act for Kids

By Rachel Beckman
Washington Post Staff Writer

washingtonpost 1

It's not the most hard-core jam session, but it might be the cutest. On a Tuesday afternoon at Payne Elementary School in Southeast Washington, hip-hop literacy class starts in the auditorium after school. About 30 students stand in a circle while a tall, dreadlocked instructor, Khalif "MC K-Juice" Bobatoon, leads them in a chant:

Give me the spotlight/Give me the hot seat/I'm gonna show you the power inside me/You can't hold me/You can't stop me/Cuz I was born to succeed/Cuz I was born to succeed.

Bobatoon tells these pupils, ages 8 to 10, that call-and-response chants are "an old African way of communicating." The class uses the four pillars of hip-hop culture (MCing, DJing, graffiti and break dancing, or b-boying) to teach the children verbal skills, self-esteem and music history.

Payne's hip-hop literacy class is an after-school program that started in October. The instructors coordinate with Payne teachers to incorporate the curriculum into the class, Bobatoon says. For example, if the students need to memorize state capitals, Bobatoon might set them to a funky drum rhythm as a mnemonic device.

"It's their language," says William E. Smith, 36, who runs the program. "It's what they're surrounded by, it's how they communicate. Hip-hop, if you really get into the history and the depth of it, hip-hop comes out of a cultural matrix."

About six musicians are paid to facilitate the classes, which were also held last year at Friendship Public Charter School, at the Blow Pierce and Woodridge locations.

After the Payne students finished their positive-affirmation chants, they worked on creating graffiti burners, which are brighter and more elaborate than simple spray-painted signatures, or tags.

"We teach the history of the graffiti," Bobatoon says. "We don't tell them to go and tag a school. We're not promoting that at all. We provide utensils and an opportunity in the classroom to utilize that visual art. So there's really nothing controversial about it."

Doreen Scott, the mother of third-grader Damon-e Melvin, says she loves everything about hip-hop and doesn't mind her daughter's learning about graffiti after school.

"She talks about [hip-hop class] every day, so she likes something about it," Scott says.

Hip-hop literacy class exists at Payne thanks to Neighbors United, a group of Capitol Hill residents who are trying to save the Eastern Branch building, which closed in August 2007. The Eastern Branch used to be run by the Boys and Girls Club of Greater Washington. As Neighbors United fights to keep the building as a community resource, it also helps coordinate after-school programs to keep kids occupied in the meantime.

Smith, who has a doctorate in ethnomusicology from the University of Maryland, became involved with the organization when he happened to meet one of the group's board members, Ellen Opper-Weiner, on a flight from the Caribbean. She and Neighbors United had been organizing soccer and basketball for the kids but were looking for more programs. Smith explained his organization, the International Association for Hip Hop Education (IAHHE), which unites people who are trying to use hip-hop as a tool in the classroom. It was a natural fit.

"We're getting involved in the community because the need is incredible," says Jerry May, executive director of Neighbors United.

The arts were integral to Smith's education. He attended New York's Fiorello H. LaGuardia High School of Music & Art and Performing Arts (which helped inspire the 1980 film "Fame"), studying classical music and jazz and playing the oboe. Some of the hip-hop he listened to growing up in the Bronx led him to an encyclopedia: A 1988 Biz Markie lyric -- "Reagan is the prez but I voted for Shirley Chisholm" -- inspired him to research the African American congresswoman. It's this kind of cross-referencing that makes him think hip-hop can do more than entertain.

Among those who use hip-hop to communicate with students, Russell Simmons has the most reach with his Hip-Hop Summit Action Network, an advocacy group that aims to develop young leaders. At the other end are individual savvy teachers who incorporate pop culture into their lesson plans without the blessing of a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. Somewhere in the middle, size-wise, is Smith and the IAHHE.

After a snack of grape juice and cheese-flavored crackers, the students work on graffiti tags of their MC names, which they chose at the beginning of the school year. Marcus "MC Lil' Marcus" Parks, 10, says it was an organic process: "Don't you know how people call you by your nickname?"

The rap world is full of hard-core monikers such as Ghostface Killah, Ol' Dirty Bastard and C-Murder, but the MC names at Payne took a less menacing tone: Kidd Ace, MC Marie Cupcake, Lil' D Rockstar, MC Lil' P.

When Bobatoon asks one girl what her MC name is, she tucks her chin to her chest and mumbles it inaudibly.

"What?" Smith says. "You tell everyone who you are, loud and proud!"

A little louder, she says: "MC Flower."
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テーマ:小学校 - ジャンル:学校・教育

IAHHE Afterschool Program - vol.2
月曜日にミーティングをし、今回はかなりの進歩が見られた。
イスをすべて移動して、全員が立って輪を作り、
ジャンベ、カーベル、カリンバを用いてのプログラムを進めた。
いきなり、マイクを渡してフリースタイルを出来る子供はまだ少ないので、
下記、コーラスをMCとなる人を輪の中心にして掛け合いをする。
 (なかなか言葉で説明だけではイメージがわかないと思うので、次回ビデオで録画してきます)

"Give me a spot light. Give me a hot sheet. I wanna show you a power of inside me.
You can't hold me, You can't stop me. Because I am born in succeed."

"You don't need nothing else but health and wealth and knowledge of ourselves."

 子供達のノリの良すぎる、エネルギッシュな姿を見ると、Hip Hopが今のポップミュージックだから
という理由だけではなく、彼らの生活の中にとけ込み、生活の様々な場面で
密接に繋がっているような気がする。

afterschool3

afterschool4

テーマ:小学校 - ジャンル:学校・教育

IAHHE Afterschool Program - vol.1
夏にインターンシップをしていたNPO団体、IAHHE (International Association for Hip Hop Education)が先月からワシントンDCのNorth Eastにある、公立の小学校で火・木の4~6時までAfterschoo Programをやっているので見に行った。学校内の教室ではなくAuditorium(講堂)で生徒は日によって前後するが約30~40人くらい。私が日本で公立の小学校へ行っていた時は、高学年から放課後の部活動があったが、ワシントンDCの多くの公立小学校では学校でのカリキュラムとは別に放課後のプログラムを外部団体へ委託する学校が増えているようだ。それはさておき、今日の内容を説明する以前の問題として、子供達の集中力のなさに驚いた、私語だけではなく、席に座っていられない生徒も多くいて、静かに話を聞くように言って聞かせる事にかなり時間を費やされた。とても興味深かい事に、態度の悪い生徒達も「MCをやりたい人」っとマイクを差し出すと、みんなやりたがる。自分にスポットライトが向けられる事への執着心は大きい。今後の課題としては、生徒を少人数のグループに分けて場所の狭い教室に移動していく方向で学校側と話を進める予定だ。

afterschool2

afterschool1

テーマ:小学校 - ジャンル:学校・教育

STRATHMORE - The Mansion and The Music Center
STRATHMORE

 今日はあいにくの雨だったが、メリーランド州の南部、ワシントンDCの近くBethesdaにあるStrathmoreのFree Tourへ行った。Non Profitの組織で"The Music Center at Strathmore"と"The Mansion at Strathmore"の二つの施設がある。Music Center内には大ホール、Levine Music School、Cafe、ギフトショップ等がある。Mansionというと日本でアパートを想像するがこちらではお城のような大きな家の事を指す、住居として使われている所もあるがStrathmoreのようにArt Spaceとして使われている建物も数多くある。Mansionの周りには彫刻や庭がありWeddingとして使う人も多いそうだ。Music Centerの建物もガラス張りの部分が多く自然との一体間が感じられる、夜になるライトアップをして"Very Pretty"とボランティアの女性に説明を受けた。
 私も先週、ボランティの申し込みをした。晴れてボランティをする事になった場合にはStrathmore Part 2を書くので乞うご期待!!

■The Music Center at Strathmore 正面玄関
Strathmore1

■The Mansion at Strathmore
Strathmore2

■Main Hall at the Music Center
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■Gift and Cafe at the Music Center
Strathmore4

■Garden 1- 中庭とアート
Strathmore5

■Garden 2- 中庭とアート
Strathmore6

■The Music Center - 外観
Strathmore7

■DC Metro Red Lineの"Grosvenor/Strathmore & Music Garage"駅の駐車場からThe Music Center まではつながっているので雨の日も濡れる事はない!
Strathmore8
Duke Ellington Jazz Festival - Jazz and Hip HopのWork Shop
CIMG2042.jpg
 
この日、リンカーンシアターには小学校から中学校までの子供達、約100人ほど集まって。B.E. Community, IAHHE の代表でNorth Carolina Central Universityの教授Will Smithのバンドと共にレクチャーが始まる。内容はとてもシンプル、ジャズのエッセンス(Swing, Blues,improvisation)、ヒップホップのエッセンス(MC, DJ, B-Boy, Gafitti)をそれぞれ説明し、それに伴った曲を演奏。エリントン・フェスティバルというのもありまず、"Take the "A" Train"をその後にマイルスの演奏でも有名な"Green Dolphin Street"のベースラインのアウトロにビートを重ねて、フリースタイルをしてみたり有志で子供達もフリースタイルをする場面もあり1時間という短い時間だったが、子供達の興味が引きつけるプログラムだった。

テーマ:日記 - ジャンル:日記

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